Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Odontophoridae > Cyrtonyx > Cyrtonyx montezumae

Cyrtonyx montezumae (Montezuma Quail)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) is a stubby, secretive New World quail of Mexico and some nearby parts of the United States. It is also known as Mearns's quail, the harlequin quail (for the male's striking pattern), and the fool quail (for its behavior).
View Wikipedia Record: Cyrtonyx montezumae


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.68733
EDGE Score: 2.16186


Adult Weight [1]  185 grams
Birth Weight [3]  10.1 grams
Female Weight [1]  175 grams
Male Weight [1]  195 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  11.4 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Tropical grasslands
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Tropical grasslands
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  40 %
Diet - Plants [4]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  11
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,500,000
Incubation [1]  25 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)[1]
Echeandia reflexa (reflexed craglily)[1]
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)[1]
Oxalis drummondii (Drummond's woodsorrel)[1]
Pinus cembroides (Pinyon pine)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[6]
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Queens Zoo

Range Map


Middle America; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License