Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Phasianus > Phasianus colchicus
 

Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant; Common Pheasant)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus; Georgian: კოლხური ხოხობი) is a bird in the pheasant family (Phasianidae). The genus name comes from Latin phasianus, "pheasant". The species name colchicus is Latin for "of Colchis" a country on the Black Sea where pheasants became known to Europeans. The word pheasant is derived from the ancient town of Phasis, the predecessor of the modern port city of Poti in Western Georgia.
View Wikipedia Record: Phasianus colchicus

Infraspecies

Phasianus colchicus alaschanicus (Alashan pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus bianchii (Bianchi's pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus chrysomelas (Khivan pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus colchicus (South Causasus pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus decollatus (Kweichow pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus edzinensis (Gobi ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus elegans (Stone's pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus formosanus (Taiwan ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus hagenbecki (Kobdo ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus karpowi (Korean ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus kiangsuensis (Shansi pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus mongolicus (Kirghiz pheasant) (Attributes)
Phasianus colchicus pallasi (Manchurian ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus persicus (Persian pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus principalis (Prince of Wales' pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus rothschildi (Rothschild's pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus satscheuensis (Satchu ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus septentrionalis (North Caucasian pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus shawii (Yarkand pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus sohokhotensis (Sohokhoto pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus strauchi (Strauch's pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus suehschanensis (Sungpan pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus takatsukasae (Tonkinese ring-neck pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus talischensis (Talisch caucasian pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus tarimensis (Tarim pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus torquatus (Chinese ring-necked pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus turcestanicus (Syr Daria pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus vlangalii (Zaidan pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus zarudnyi (Zarudny's pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus zerafschanicus (Zerafshan pheasant)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.41878
EDGE Score: 1.85923

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.502 lbs (1.135 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  19 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.101 lbs (953 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.904 lbs (1.317 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  38.2 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  8 months
Male Maturity [2]  8 months
Clutch Size [5]  10
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [4]  50,000,000
Incubation [2]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  27 years
Wing Span [6]  27 inches (.681 m)
Wintering Geography [4]  Non-migrartory

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (202)

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arasbaran Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of

South Dakota

Prey / Diet

Glycine max (soybean)[7]
Zea mays (corn)[7]

Predators

Providers

Parasite of 
Alectoris chukar (Chukar Partridge)[7]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[7]
Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant)[7]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Oceania; Southern Asia; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nelson, AD and AC Martin. 1953. Gamebird weights. J. Wildl. Manage. 17:36-42
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6EFFECTS OF BODY SIZE ON TAKE-OFF FLIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PHASIANIDAE (AVES), BRET W. TOBALSKE AND KENNETH P. DIAL, The Journal of Experimental Biology 203,3319–3332 (2000)
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8David Horal, Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) in the Czech Republic ACTA ZOOLOGICA BULGARICA, Suppl. 3, 2011: 55-59
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
11Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2