Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Perdix > Perdix perdix

Perdix perdix (Grey Partridge; Gray Partridge)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey partridge (Perdix perdix), also known as the English partridge, Hungarian partridge, or hun, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. The scientific name is the Latin for "partridge", and is itself derived from Ancient Greek perdix.
View Wikipedia Record: Perdix perdix


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.42296
EDGE Score: 2.00458


Adult Weight [1]  405 grams
Birth Weight [2]  10 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  16
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [4]  13,000,000
Incubation [2]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  5 years
Wing Span [6]  18 inches (.46 m)
Wintering Geography [4]  Non-migrartory


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (208)

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Amaranthus retroflexus (rough pigweed)[7]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[8]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[8]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[8]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[8]
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)[8]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Carroll, JP 1993. Gray partridge (Perdix perdix). Pages 1–20. in Poole, A. and F. Gill, editors. The Birds of North America, Number 58. The Academy of Natural Sciences. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the American Ornithologists Union. Washington, DC, USA.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Orłowski, G., & Czarnecka, J. (2013). Re-evaluation of the role of the grey partridge Perdix perdix as a disperser of arable weed seeds. Journal of ornithology, 154(1), 139-144.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License