Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Crossoptilon > Crossoptilon mantchuricum

Crossoptilon mantchuricum (Brown Eared Pheasant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) is a large, 96–100 cm long, dark brown pheasant endemic to the mountain forests of northern China. It has stiff white ear coverts behind the eyes, which look like a moustache. The crown is black with red bare facial skin and its tail of twenty-two elongated white feathers is curved, loose and dark-tipped. Both sexes are similar in plumage.
View Wikipedia Record: Crossoptilon mantchuricum

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.87721
EDGE Score: 2.74141


Adult Weight [1]  4.264 lbs (1.934 kg)
Female Weight [3]  3.836 lbs (1.74 kg)
Male Weight [3]  4.553 lbs (2.065 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [3]  18.7 %
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  8
Incubation [3]  26 days
Snout to Vent Length [1]  39 inches (98 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Important Bird Areas

Prey / Diet

Allium macranthum[3]
Fragaria orientalis[3]
Hippophae rhamnoides (seabuckthorn)[3]
Parasenecio hastatus[3]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License