Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Lophura > Lophura nycthemera

Lophura nycthemera (Silver Pheasant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) is a species of pheasant found in forests, mainly in mountains, of mainland Southeast Asia, and eastern and southern China, with introduced populations in Hawaii and various locations in the US mainland. The male is black and white, while the female is mainly brown. Both sexes have a bare red face and red legs (the latter separating it from the greyish-legged kalij pheasant). It is common in aviculture, and overall also remains common in the wild, but some of its subspecies (notably whiteheadi from Hainan, engelbachi from southern Laos, and annamensis from southern Vietnam) are rare and threatened.
View Wikipedia Record: Lophura nycthemera


Lophura nycthemera annamensis (Annamese silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera beaulieui (Lao silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera beli (Bel's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera berliozi (Berlioz's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera crawfurdii
Lophura nycthemera engelbachi (Boloven silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera fokiensis (Fokien silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera jonesi (Jones' silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera lewisi (Lewis' silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera lineata (Lineated kalij)
Lophura nycthemera nycthemera (Silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera occidentalis (Western silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera omeiensis
Lophura nycthemera ripponi (Rippon's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera rongjiangensis
Lophura nycthemera rufipes (Ruby Mines silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera whiteheadi (Hainan silver pheasant)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.24064
EDGE Score: 1.44472


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  40 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  7
Incubation [2]  27 days


Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Castanopsis chinensis[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License