Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Pavo > Pavo cristatus

Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl; Common Peafowl)

Wikipedia Abstract

("Common peacock" redirects here. For the butterfly with this common name, see Papilio polyctor.) The Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus), a large and brightly coloured bird, is a species of peafowl native to South Asia, but introduced in many other parts of the world. The bird is celebrated in Indian and Greek mythology and is the national bird of India. The Indian peafowl is listed as of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
View Wikipedia Record: Pavo cristatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.01383
EDGE Score: 2.19876


Adult Weight [1]  9.246 lbs (4.194 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  120 grams
Female Weight [1]  7.985 lbs (3.622 kg)
Male Weight [1]  10.507 lbs (4.766 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  31.6 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Clutch Size [2]  5
Incubation [2]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Bubo nipalensis (Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl)[6]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Oceania; Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Kannan R. & James DA, 1998: Common Peafowl (Pavo cristatus). In: Poole A. & Gill F. (eds.): The birds of North America. No. 377. Philadelphia: The Birds of North America
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Rajesh Kumar, N., & Balasubramanian, P. (2011). Habitat use and food habits: of Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in Anaikatty Hills, Western Ghats. Indian Birds, 7(5), 125-127.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License