Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Numididae > Numida > Numida meleagris

Numida meleagris (Helmeted Guineafowl)

Wikipedia Abstract

The helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris) is the best known of the guineafowl bird family, Numididae, and the only member of the genus Numida. It is native to Africa, mainly south of the Sahara, and has been widely introduced into the West Indies, Brazil, Australia and Europe (e.g. southern France).
View Wikipedia Record: Numida meleagris


Numida meleagris coronatus (Natal helmeted guineafowl)
Numida meleagris galeatus (West African guineafowl)
Numida meleagris marungensis (Angolan helmeted guineafowl)
Numida meleagris meleagris (Helmeted guineafowl)
Numida meleagris mitratus (Madagascar tufted guineafowl)
Numida meleagris papillosus
Numida meleagris reichenowi (Helmeted guineafowl)
Numida meleagris sabyi
Numida meleagris somaliensis (Somali tufted guineafowl)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.4428
EDGE Score: 2.59844


Adult Weight [1]  3.501 lbs (1.588 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  39.4 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  9
Incubation [3]  27 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Boerhavia erecta (erect spiderling)[5]
Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)[5]
Sclerocarya birrea (marula)[5]
Sorghum arundinaceum[5]
Stereospermum kunthianum[5]


Melierax metabates (Dark Chanting Goshawk)[6]
Micronisus gabar (Gabar goshawk)[6]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa; Caribbean; Oceania;

External References


Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Oswaldo Cortes



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2