Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Meleagris > Meleagris gallopavo
 

Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes. It is the same species as the domestic turkey, which was originally derived from a southern Mexican subspecies of wild turkey (not the related ocellated turkey). Although native to North America, the turkey probably got its name from the domesticated variety being imported to Britain in ships coming from the Levant via Spain. The British at the time therefore associated the wild turkey with the country Turkey and the name prevails.
View Wikipedia Record: Meleagris gallopavo

Infraspecies

Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo intermedia (Rio Grande wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo merriami (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo mexicana (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo osceola (Florida wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo silvestris (Southeastern wild turkey) (Attributes)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.19075
EDGE Score: 2.32148

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.338 lbs (6.05 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  47 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Understory [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  90 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  11
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  7,800,000
Incubation [1]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Wing Span [5]  3.903 feet (1.19 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (133)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (87)Full list (150)

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Middle America; North America; Oceania; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5EFFECTS OF BODY SIZE ON TAKE-OFF FLIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PHASIANIDAE (AVES), BRET W. TOBALSKE AND KENNETH P. DIAL, The Journal of Experimental Biology 203,3319–3332 (2000)
6Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2