Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Grus > Grus antigone
 

Grus antigone (Sarus Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sarus crane (Grus antigone) is a large non-migratory crane found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. The tallest of the flying birds, standing at a height of up to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in), they are conspicuous and iconic species of open wetlands. The sarus crane is easily distinguished from other cranes in the region by the overall grey colour and the contrasting red head and upper neck. They forage on marshes and shallow wetlands for roots, tubers, insects, crustaceans and small vertebrate prey. Like other cranes, they form long-lasting pair-bonds and maintain territories within which they perform territorial and courtship displays that include loud trumpeting, leaps and dance-like movements. In India they are considered symbols of marital fidelity, believed
View Wikipedia Record: Grus antigone

Infraspecies

Grus antigone antigone (Indian sarus crane)
Grus antigone gillae (Australian sarus crane)
Grus antigone sharpii (Eastern sarus crane)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
41
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.37203
EDGE Score: 3.38399

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.026 lbs (6.362 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  225 grams
Female Weight [1]  13.283 lbs (6.025 kg)
Male Weight [1]  14.771 lbs (6.70 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  11.2 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  4 months
Incubation [4]  32 days
Mating System [2]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [4]  41 years
Wing Span [6]  7.872 feet (2.4 m)
Female Maturity [1]  4 years 11 months

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Emblem of

Uttar Pradesh

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaridia stroma <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Wildlife As Canon Sees It
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License