Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Grus > Grus grus
 

Grus grus (Common Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common crane (Grus grus), also known as the Eurasian crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes. The scientific name is from the Latin; grus, "crane". A medium-sized species, it is the only crane commonly found in Europe besides the demoiselle crane (Anthropoides virgo). Along with the sandhill (Grus canadensis) and demoiselle cranes and the brolga (Grus rubicunda), it is one of only four crane species not currently classified as threatened with extinction or conservation dependent at the species level.
View Wikipedia Record: Grus grus

Infraspecies

Grus grus grus (Common crane)
Grus grus lilfordi (Lilford's crane)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.9254
EDGE Score: 1.9352

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  11.96 lbs (5.425 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  121 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Fledging [1]  68 days
Incubation [4]  30 days
Mating Display [6]  Ground display
Mating System [6]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  43 years
Migration [7]  Intercontinental
Speed [8]  33.554 MPH (15 m/s)
Wing Span [8]  7.282 feet (2.22 m)
Female Maturity [3]  5 years
Male Maturity [3]  5 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (1475)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Carex rostrata (beaked sedge)[9]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons (Bernissart; Boussu; Hensies; Jurbise; Mons; Quaregnon; Saint-Ghi;

External References

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
8Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
9Ecology of Commanster
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2