Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Grus > Grus leucogeranus
 

Grus leucogeranus (Siberian Crane; Siberian White Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Siberian crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus), also known as the Siberian white crane or the snow crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes. They are distinctive among the cranes, adults are nearly all snowy white, except for their black primary feathers that are visible in flight and with two breeding populations in the Arctic tundra of western and eastern Russia. The eastern populations migrate during winter to China while the western population winters in Iran and formerly, in India and Nepal. Among the cranes, they make the longest distance migrations. Their populations, particularly those in the western range, have declined drastically in the 20th century due to hunting along their migration routes and habitat degradation. The world population was estimated in 2010 at about
View Wikipedia Record: Grus leucogeranus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Grus leucogeranus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
68
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.90328
EDGE Score: 5.16165

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.001 lbs (5.897 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  197 grams
Female Weight [1]  12.07 lbs (5.475 kg)
Male Weight [8]  14.081 lbs (6.387 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  15.4 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  76 days
Incubation [4]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [7]  36 years
Migration [6]  Intracontinental
Wing Span [4]  7.216 feet (2.2 m)
Female Maturity [1]  5 years 11 months

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Poyang Hu wetlands China

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Amana edulis[4]
Potentilla limprichtii[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
7de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
8Johnsgard, PA 1983. Cranes of the World. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, USA
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License