Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Calidris > Calidris maritima
 

Calidris maritima (Purple Sandpiper)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The purple sandpiper (Calidris maritima) is a small shorebird. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific maritima is from Latin and means "of the sea", from mare, "sea".
View Wikipedia Record: Calidris maritima

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.14082
EDGE Score: 2.21275

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  65 grams
Birth Weight [1]  9 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic tundra
Wintering Geography [2]  Atlantic Coast
Wintering Habitat [2]  Rocky intertidal
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  60 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  250,000
Incubation [1]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Wing Span [5]  17 inches (.44 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Collinsia spetsbergensis[6]
Erigone arctica[6]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[7]
Nucella lapillus (Atlantic dogwinkle)[7]
Rissoa parva[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Blackbrook Zoological Park

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5British Trust for Ornithology
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7R. W. Summers , S. Smith , M. Nicoll & N. K. Atkinson (1990) Tidal and sexual differences in the diet of Purple Sandpipers Calidris maritima in Scotland, Bird Study, 37:3, 187-194
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License