Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Eurynorhynchus > Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

Eurynorhynchus pygmeus (Spoon-billed Sandpiper; Spoonbill Sandpiper)

Wikipedia Abstract

The spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) is a small wader which breeds in north-eastern Russia and winters in Southeast Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

EDGE Analysis

This little wading bird has an incredible and unique spatula-shaped bill. It is not closely related to the Spoonbills and unlike any other bird, emerges from the egg already possessing the spoon-shaped bill. The species has a vast range, breeding in Russia, migrating through14 different countries and wintering in China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Unfortunately human activities affect the birds in all of these regions, the greatest threats being hunting and reclamation of intertidal mudflats for coastal development.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.7298
EDGE Score: 5.80416
View EDGE Record: Eurynorhynchus pygmeus


Adult Weight [1]  33 grams
Birth Weight [1]  8 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  21 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  16 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Top 100 Endangered [5]  Yes
Wing Span [3]  14 inches (.35 m)


Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Ramsar Sites Information Service
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License