Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus hyperboreus
 

Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) is a large gull, the second largest gull in the world which breeds in the Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and the Atlantic coasts of Europe. The genus name is from Latin Larus which appears to have referred to a gull or other large seabird. The specific hyperboreus is Latin for "northern" from the Ancient Greek Huperboreoi people from the far north "Glaucous" is from Latin glaucus and denotes a bluish-green or grey colour.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus hyperboreus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
4
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.20476
EDGE Score: 0.79062

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.113 lbs (1.412 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  73 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.754 lbs (1.249 kg)
Male Weight [1]  3.475 lbs (1.576 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  26.2 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic coastal, Arctic tundra
Wintering Geography [2]  Northern U.S./Canada
Wintering Habitat [2]  Beaches and estuaries, Coastal marine, Freshwater lakes and rivers
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [4]  20 %
Diet - Fish [4]  30 %
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  50 %
Female Maturity [3]  4 years
Male Maturity [3]  4 years
Clutch Size [3]  3
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  27 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  21 years
Speed [5]  29.975 MPH (13.4 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  5.182 feet (1.58 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (102)

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Predators

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[7]
Homo sapiens (man)[7]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[7]

Consumers

Range Map

Distribution

Bruce Peninsula National Park; Fathom Five National Marine Park; North America; Oceania;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Tawas Point State Park
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License