Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus argentatus
 

Larus argentatus (Herring Gull; European Herring Gull)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The European herring gull (Larus argentatus) is a large gull (up to 26 in (66 cm) long). One of the best known of all gulls along the shores of western Europe, it was once abundant. It breeds across Northern Europe, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Scandinavia and the Baltic states. Some European herring gulls, especially those resident in colder areas, migrate further south in winter, but many are permanent residents, e.g. in the British Isles, Iceland, or on the North Sea shores. European herring gulls have a varied diet, including fish, crustaceans and dead animals as well as some plants.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus argentatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
0
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.20476
EDGE Score: 0.79062

Attributes

Clutch Size [4]  3
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Incubation [4]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  49 years
Speed [6]  28.633 MPH (12.8 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Coastal
Wing Span [6]  4.395 feet (1.34 m)
Adult Weight [2]  2.392 lbs (1.085 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  68 grams
Female Weight [2]  2.255 lbs (1.023 kg)
Male Weight [2]  2.529 lbs (1.147 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  12.1 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Beaches and estuaries, Wetlands
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [3]  Beaches and estuaries, Coastal marine, Freshwater lakes and rivers
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Endothermic [5]  10 %
Diet - Fish [5]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  30 %
Diet - Scavenger [5]  20 %
Forages - Ground [5]  40 %
Forages - Water Surface [5]  40 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  20 %
Female Maturity [4]  5 years
Male Maturity [4]  4 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (490)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Pierotti, R. and TP Good. 1994. Herring Gull (Larus argentatus). In A. Poole and F. Gill, [eds.], The birds of North America, No. 124. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Diets of adult and chick Herring Gulls Larus argentatus argenteus on Ailsa Craig, south-west Scotland., M. Nogales, B. Zonfrillo and P. Monaghan, SEABIRD 17: 56-63
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004
10Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984)
11The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002
12Foods and predators of the green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis in Newfoundland waters, J. H. HIMMELMAN and D. H. STEELE, Marine Biology 9, 315-322 (1971)
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
14International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2