Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Fratercula > Fratercula arctica
 

Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), also known as the common puffin, is a species of seabird in the auk family. It is the only puffin native to the Atlantic Ocean; two related species, the tufted puffin and the horned puffin, are found in the northeastern Pacific. The Atlantic puffin breeds in Iceland, Norway, Greenland, Newfoundland and many North Atlantic islands, and as far south as Maine in the west and the British Isles in the east. With a large population and a wide range, the species is not considered to be endangered, although there may be local declines in numbers. On land, it has the typical upright stance of an auk. At sea, it swims on the surface and feeds mainly on small fish, which it catches by diving underwater, using its wings for propulsion.
View Wikipedia Record: Fratercula arctica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.24392
EDGE Score: 1.98016

Attributes

Clutch Size [2]  1
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  12,000,000
Incubation [2]  42 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  34 years
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [5]  22 inches (.55 m)
Adult Weight [2]  1.082 lbs (491 g)
Birth Weight [2]  40 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [3]  Atlantic Coast
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Pelagic
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  4 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Emblem of

Newfoundland & Labrador

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)[9]
Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear)[6]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5British Trust for Ornithology
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7An estimate of summer food consumption of six seabird species in Iceland, K. Lilliendahl and J. Solmundsson, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54: 624–630. 1997
8Winter Diet of Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) in the Northeast Atlantic, Knud Falk, Jens-Kjeld Jensen and Kaj Kampp, Colonial Waterbirds, Vol. 15, No. 2 (1992), pp. 230-235
9POTAPOV, E. 2011. Gyrfalcon diet: Spatial and temporal variation In R. T. Watson, T. J. Cade, M. Fuller, G. Hunt, and E. Potapov (Eds.). Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World. The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, USA
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Ramsar Sites Information Service
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License