Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Fratercula > Fratercula corniculata

Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The horned puffin (Fratercula corniculata) is an auk, similar in appearance to the Atlantic puffin. It is a pelagic seabird that feeds primarily by diving for fish. It nests in colonies, often with other auks.
View Wikipedia Record: Fratercula corniculata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.24392
EDGE Score: 1.98016


Adult Weight [1]  1.182 lbs (536 g)
Birth Weight [3]  75.9 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [2]  Pacific Coast
Wintering Habitat [2]  Coastal marine
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  30 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  800,000
Incubation [5]  41 days
Migration [6]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [7]  24 inches (.607 m)

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Iony island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Outer Shumagin Islands USA A4ii  
Shantar islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Talan island Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii, A4iii

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[8]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[8]
Homo sapiens (man)[8]


Parasitized by 
Alcataenia armillaris[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alaska SeaLife Center
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
North Carolina Zoological Park
Saint Louis Zoological Park

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Piatt, J. F. and A. S. Kitaysky. 2002. Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata). In The Birds of North America, No. 611 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. pp. 1-27
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Comparative Reproductive Ecology of the Auks (Family Alcidae) with Emphasis on the Marbled Murrelet, Toni L. De Santo, S. Kim Nelson, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995. pp. 33-47
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
7Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Breeding ecology of Horned Puffins (Fratercula corniculata) in Alaska: annual variation and effects of El Niño, A.M.A. Harding, J.F. Piatt, and K.C. Hamer, Can. J. Zool. 81: 1004–1013 (2003)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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