Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba > Columba leucomela
 

Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-headed pigeon (Columba leucomela) is a pigeon native to the east coast of Australia, belonging to the same genus as the domestic pigeon C. livia. The pigeon's habitat is from Cooktown, Queensland to southern New South Wales. It can commonly be found in tropical regions, subtropical rainforest, scrub, watercourses and street trees. Since colonisation of Australia, their numbers have decreased but they have thrived on the introduced Camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora).
View Wikipedia Record: Columba leucomela

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.08576
EDGE Score: 1.95809

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  420 grams
Birth Weight [2]  17 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  30 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Incubation [2]  19 days
Mating Display [5]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Ficus macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig)[6]
Ficus melinocarpa[6]
Ficus rubiginosa (Port Jackson fig)[6]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Columbicola waiteae <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License