Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Zenaida > Zenaida macroura
 

Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family, Columbidae. The bird is also known as the turtle dove, American mourning dove or the rain dove, and was once known as the Carolina pigeon or Carolina Turtledove. It is one of the most abundant and widespread of all North American birds. It is also a leading gamebird, with more than 20 million birds (up to 70 million in some years) shot annually in the U.S., both for sport and for meat. Its ability to sustain its population under such pressure is due to its prolific breeding; in warm areas, one pair may raise up to six broods of two young each in a single year. The wings make an unusual whistling sound upon take-off and landing, a form of sonation. The bird is a strong flier, capable of speeds up to 88 km/h (55 mph).
View Wikipedia Record: Zenaida macroura

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.8881
EDGE Score: 1.9298

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  119 grams
Birth Weight [3]  5 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [4]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  90 %
Forages - Understory [4]  40 %
Forages - Ground [4]  60 %
Female Maturity [3]  90 days
Male Maturity [3]  80 days
Clutch Size [5]  2
Clutches / Year [3]  5
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  150,000,000
Incubation [3]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  31 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (313)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Anguilla
Virgin Islands, British

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (61)Full list (114)

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hanson, H. C., and C. W. Kossack. 1957. Weight and fat relationships of mourning doves in. Illinois. J. Wildlife Manage. 21:169-181
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8THE DIET OF THE APLOMADO FALCON (FALCO FEMORALIS) IN EASTERN MEXICO, DEAN P. HECTOR, The Condor 87:336-342
9Prairie falcon prey in the Mojave Desert, California, DA Boyce, Raptor Research 19 (4):128-134 (1985)
10The Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Natural History, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, W. Scott Richardson, Glenn A. Proudfoot, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-43. 2000
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2