Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Nestor > Nestor notabilis

Nestor notabilis (Kea)

Wikipedia Abstract

The kea (/ˈkiː.ə/; Māori: [kɛ.a]; Nestor notabilis) is a large species of parrot of the family Strigopidae found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand. About 48 cm (19 in) long, it is mostly olive-green with a brilliant orange under its wings and has a large, narrow, curved, grey-brown upper beak. The kea is the world's only alpine parrot. Its omnivorous diet includes carrion, but consists mainly of roots, leaves, berries, nectar, and insects. Now uncommon, the kea was once killed for bounty due to concerns by the sheep-farming community that it attacked livestock, especially sheep. It received full protection in 1986.
View Wikipedia Record: Nestor notabilis

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Nestor notabilis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.3958
EDGE Score: 4.40162


Adult Weight [1]  1.911 lbs (867 g)
Birth Weight [2]  26 grams
Female Weight [4]  1.717 lbs (779 g)
Male Weight [4]  2.108 lbs (956 g)
Weight Dimorphism [4]  22.7 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  60 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  30 %
Forages - Understory [3]  40 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  3
Mating Display [2]  Ground display
Mating System [2]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [5]  47 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  18 inches (46 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Fiordland National Park II 3106115 New Zealand  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Te Wahipounamu—South West New Zealand World Heritage Site 6424740 New Zealand  
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Parapsyllus nestoris nestoris[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Bond, AD, Wilson, K.-J., Diamond, J. 1991. Sexual Dimorphism in the kea (Nestor notabilis) Emu 91:12-19
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6O'Donnell, Colin F J and Dilks, Peter J, Foods and Foraging of Forest Birds in Temperate Rainforest, South. Westland, New Zealand, NZ J Ecology 18(2) (1994) pp. 87-107
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License