Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Anodorhynchus > Anodorhynchus leari

Anodorhynchus leari (Lear's Macaw; Indigo Macaw)

Wikipedia Abstract

Lear's macaw (Anodorhynchus leari), also known as the indigo macaw, is a large all-blue Brazilian parrot, a member of a large group of neotropical parrots known as macaws. It was first described by Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1856. Lear's macaw is 70–75 cm (28–30 in) long and weighs around 950 g (2.09 lb). It is metallic blue with a faint, often barely visible, tinge of green, and a yellow patch of skin at the base of the heavy, black bill. This macaw is rare with a highly restricted range. Its lifespan can exceed 30–50 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Anodorhynchus leari

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Anodorhynchus leari

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.9113
EDGE Score: 4.0126


Adult Weight [1]  2.072 lbs (940 g)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  38 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Raso da Catarina Ecological Station 246542 Bahia, Brazil  

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Raso da Catarina Brazil A1, A2, A3
Sento Sé / Campo Formoso Brazil A1, A2

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Raso da Catarina Brazil

Prey / Diet

Jatropha mollissima[4]
Spondias tuberosa (imbu)[4]
Syagrus coronata (Licuri Palm)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Hyacinth Macaw)1
Chrysolampis mosquitus (Ruby-topaz Hummingbird)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Zoological Garden Prague

Range Map


South America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Leal IR, Silva JMC, Tabarelli M, Lacher TE. 2005. Changing the course of biodiversity conservation in the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil Conservation Biology 19: 701–706
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License