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Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The scarlet macaw (Ara macao) is a large, red, yellow and blue South American parrot, a member of a large group of Neotropical parrots called macaws. It is native to humid evergreen forests of tropical South America. Range extends from extreme south-eastern Mexico to Amazonian Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil in lowlands up to 500 m (1,640 ft) (at least formerly) up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft). It has suffered from local extinction through habitat destruction and capture for the parrot trade, but locally it remains fairly common. Formerly it ranged north to southern Tamaulipas. It can still be found on the island of Coiba. It is the national bird of Honduras.
View Wikipedia Record: Ara macao

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.72717
EDGE Score: 1.55333

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.293 lbs (1.04 kg)
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  60 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Honduras

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Providers

Shelter 
Caryocar costarricense[6]
Hyeronima alchorneoides[6]
Schizolobium parahyba (Zorra)[6]
Anacardium excelsum (Wild Cashew)[6]
Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pelecitus circularis <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Middle America; South America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010
7PARROT CLAYLICKS: DISTRIBUTION, PATTERNS OF USE AND ECOLOGICAL CORRELATES FROM A PARROT ASSEMBLAGE IN SOUTHEASTERN PERU, ALAN TRISTRAM KENNETH LEE, dissertation for DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 2010
8Foods and Feeding Behavior of Wild Black-capped Capuchin (Cebus apella), KOSEI IZAWA, PRIMATES, 20(1): 57-76, January 1979
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License