Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Cyanoliseus > Cyanoliseus patagonus

Cyanoliseus patagonus (Burrowing Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The burrowing parrot (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is a bird species in the parrot family. It belongs to the smaller long-tailed Arinae (macaws and conures). It is also known as the Patagonian conure and some authorities call it the burrowing parakeet.The burrowing parrot belongs to the monotypic genus Cyanoliseus, but the species is not monotypic, having several subspecies. Its natural habitat is the arid bush steppe community known as the Monte Desert.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyanoliseus patagonus


Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus (Northern Patagonian burrowing parrot)
Cyanoliseus patagonus bloxami
Cyanoliseus patagonus conlara (Burrowing parrot)
Cyanoliseus patagonus patagonus (Patagonian burrowing parrot)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.37695
EDGE Score: 2.33959


Adult Weight [1]  279 grams
Birth Weight [2]  13 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Maximum Longevity [5]  20 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  17 inches (44 cm)


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Area Natural Protegida El Mangrullo Argentina A1, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Cordia decandra[6]
Empetrum rubrum (red crowberry)[6]
Geoffroea decorticans (chañar)[6]
Lycium americanum[6]
Nothofagus obliqua (roble beech)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chloephaga poliocephala (Ashy-headed Goose)1
Eulidia yarrellii (Chilean Woodstar)1
Melanodera melanodera (White-bridled Finch)1
Microcavia australis (southern mountain cavy)1


Parasitized by 
Hectopsylla psittaci[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Masello JF, Quillfeldt P (2002) Chick growth and breeding success of the burrowing parrot Condor 104:574–586
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License