Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Dryocopus > Dryocopus pileatus
 

Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a large woodpecker native to North America. Roughly crow-sized, it normally inhabits deciduous forests in eastern North America, the Great Lakes, the boreal forests of Canada, and parts of the Pacific coast. It is the second largest woodpecker in the United States, after the critically endangered and possibly extinct ivory-billed woodpecker.
View Wikipedia Record: Dryocopus pileatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.91216
EDGE Score: 1.59171

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  287 grams
Birth Weight [3]  11 grams
Female Weight [1]  270 grams
Male Weight [1]  305 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  13 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  30 %
Forages - Understory [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Female Maturity [5]  11 months 24 days
Male Maturity [5]  1 year
Clutch Size [6]  3
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  2,600,000
Incubation [5]  18 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  13 years
Speed [7]  22.146 MPH (9.9 m/s)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (160)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[9]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[9]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[8]

Providers

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria longistriata <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Bull, EL, and JE Jackson. 1995. Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus). In A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America, No. 148. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7SCALING OF MUSCLE COMPOSITION, WING MORPHOLOGY, AND INTERMITTENT FLIGHT BEHAVIOR IN WOODPECKERS, BRET W. TOBALSKE, The Auk 113(1):151-177, 1996
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2