Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Melanerpes > Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker)

Synonyms: Melanerpes erythrocephalus caurinus; Melanerpes erythrocephalus erythrocephalus
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-headed woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) is a small or medium-sized woodpecker from temperate North America. Their breeding habitat is open country across southern Canada and the eastern-central United States. The species is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. The red-bellied woodpecker also has its most prominent red part of its plumage on the head, but it looks quite different in other respects.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanerpes erythrocephalus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.03268
EDGE Score: 2.64372


Adult Weight [1]  75 grams
Birth Weight [3]  5.1 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Southeastern U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  60 %
Diet - Plants [4]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  20 %
Diet - Vertibrates [4]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  60 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,600,000
Incubation [1]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [6]  Migratory
Wing Span [6]  14 inches (.35 m)


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (120)

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Allegan State Game Area and Kalamazoo River (Galesburg to Saugatuck) USA A1
Cache River State Natural Area USA A1
Fort Chaffee USA A1

Prey / Diet


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[6]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[6]

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Tawas Point State Park
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License