Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Picoides > Picoides arcticus

Picoides arcticus (Black-backed Woodpecker)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-backed woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) also known as the Arctic three-toed woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker (23 cm (9.1 in) long) inhabiting the forests of North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Picoides arcticus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.71343
EDGE Score: 2.16487


Adult Weight [1]  73 grams
Birth Weight [1]  4.8 grams
Male Weight [5]  72 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Boreal forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Boreal forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  20 %
Forages - Understory [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,800,000


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Dendroctonus ponderosae (mountain pine beetle)[6]
Dendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)[7]
Monochamus scutellatus (white-spotted sawyer)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Certhia americana (Brown Creeper)1
Sorex cinereus (masked shrew)1


Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[7]

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Grinnell, J., J. Dixon, and JM Linsdale. 1930. Vertebrate natural history of a section of northern California through the Lassen Peak region. University of California Publications in Zoology 35:1–594
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License