Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Picoides > Picoides pubescens
 

Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)

Synonyms: Dendrocopos pubescens
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The downy woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens) is a species of woodpecker, the smallest in North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Picoides pubescens

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.02557
EDGE Score: 1.79601

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  26 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  13,000,000
Incubation [1]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Speed [5]  19.014 MPH (8.5 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  12 inches (.308 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (252)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[7]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[7]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[6]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[7]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[7]

Providers

Shelter 
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[6]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[6]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[6]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[6]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[6]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Minnesota Zoological Garden
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Toledo Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5SCALING OF MUSCLE COMPOSITION, WING MORPHOLOGY, AND INTERMITTENT FLIGHT BEHAVIOR IN WOODPECKERS, BRET W. TOBALSKE, The Auk 113(1):151-177, 1996
6Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Characteristics of Some Fruiting Plant Species in Northwest Arkansas, and the Avian Assemblages that Feed on Them, John W. Prather, Kimberly G. Smith, Michael A. Mlodinow, Cecilia M. Riley, Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science,Vol. 54, 2000, pp. 103-108
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2