Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Hirundinidae > Tachycineta > Tachycineta bicolor
 

Tachycineta bicolor (Tree Swallow)

Synonyms: Iridoprocne bicolor
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) is a migratory passerine bird that breeds in North America and winters in Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.
View Wikipedia Record: Tachycineta bicolor

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.38556
EDGE Score: 2.23917

Attributes

Clutch Size [5]  6
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  20,000,000
Incubation [2]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Migration [1]  Intracontinental
Speed [6]  20.132 MPH (9 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Wing Span [6]  12 inches (.298 m)
Adult Weight [2]  19 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Generalist
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [3]  Generalist
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  90 %
Forages - Aerial [4]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  20 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (255)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[8]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[8]

Consumers

Range Map

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Flight Speeds and Energetics of Seven Bird Species, Rebecca Ann Kolotylo, Masters Thesis, University of British Columbia, 1989
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2