Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Hirundinidae > Hirundo > Hirundo rustica
 

Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. In Anglophone Europe it is just called the swallow; in Northern Europe it is the only common species called a "swallow" rather than a "martin".
View Wikipedia Record: Hirundo rustica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
15
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.33483
EDGE Score: 1.46668

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  18 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  S. American Lowlands
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  30 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  150,000,000
Incubation [1]  15 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Speed [6]  22.369 MPH (10 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  13 inches (.32 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of

Austria
Estonia

Prey / Diet

Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[7]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[7]
Stenurella melanura[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[7]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[7]
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)[7]
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)[7]

Consumers