Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Motacillidae > Motacilla > Motacilla flava

Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail; Yellow Wagtail)

Wikipedia Abstract

The western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. This species breeds in much of temperate Europe and Asia. It is resident in the milder parts of its range, such as western Europe, but northern and eastern populations migrate to Africa and south Asia. The call is a characteristic high-pitched jeet. This insectivorous bird inhabits open country near water, such as wet meadows. It nests in tussocks, laying 4-8 speckled eggs.
View Wikipedia Record: Motacilla flava


Motacilla flava beema (Sykes's Wagtail)
Motacilla flava cinereocapilla (Ashy-headed Wagtail)
Motacilla flava feldegg (Black-headed Wagtail)
Motacilla flava flava (Blue-headed Yellow Wagtail)
Motacilla flava flavissima (Yellow-crowned Wagtail)
Motacilla flava iberiae (Iberian Wagtail)
Motacilla flava leucocephala (White-headed Wagtail)
Motacilla flava lutea (Eastern Yellow-headed Wagtail)
Motacilla flava pygmaea (Egyptian Yellow Wagtail)
Motacilla flava thunbergi (Dark-headed Wagtail)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.70265
EDGE Score: 1.74093


Adult Weight [1]  18 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  70 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  11 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Migration [4]  Intercontinental
Speed [5]  28.409 MPH (12.7 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  10 inches (.26 m)


Protected Areas

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Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[6]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[7]
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)[7]



North America; Oceania; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
6Ecology of Commanster
7Comparative breeding biology of Hen Harrier and Montagu’s Harrier: an 8-year study in north-eastern France, A. MILLON, J.-L. BOURRIOUX, C. RIOLS & V. BRETAGNOLLE, Ibis (2002), 144, 94–105
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License