Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sittidae > Sitta > Sitta canadensis
 

Sitta canadensis (Red-breasted Nuthatch)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The red-breasted nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) is a small songbird. The adult has blue-grey upperparts with cinnamon underparts, a white throat and face with a black stripe through the eyes, a straight grey bill and a black crown. Its call, which has been likened to a tin trumpet, is high-pitched and nasal. It breeds in coniferous forests across Canada, Alaska and the northeastern and western United States. Though often a permanent resident, it regularly irrupts further south if its food supply fails. There are records of vagrants occurring as far south as the Gulf Coast and northern Mexico. It forages on the trunks and large branches of trees, often descending head first, sometimes catching insects in flight. It eats mainly insects and seeds, especially from conifers. It excavates its nest
View Wikipedia Record: Sitta canadensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.41344
EDGE Score: 2.00329

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  11 grams
Birth Weight [3]  1.2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Boreal forests, Temperate western forests, Temperate eastern forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Northern U.S./Canada
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  50 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  6
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  19,000,000
Incubation [1]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (239)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[6]
Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller's Jay)[6]
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)[6]
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)[6]

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License