Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Icteridae > Euphagus > Euphagus carolinus
 

Euphagus carolinus (Rusty Blackbird)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The rusty blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) is a medium-sized blackbird, closely related to grackles ("rusty grackle" is an older name for the species). It is a bird that prefers wet forested areas, breeding in the boreal forest and muskeg across northern Canada, and migrating southeast to the United States during winter. Formerly abundant, the rusty blackbird has undergone one of the most rapid declines of any abundant bird species in North America in recent years, for reasons that are not well understood.
View Wikipedia Record: Euphagus carolinus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
43
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.50384
EDGE Score: 3.09174

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  59 grams
Birth Weight [3]  4.6 grams
Female Weight [1]  55 grams
Male Weight [1]  64 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  16.4 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Boreal forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Southeastern U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  100 %
Forages - Understory [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  70 %
Female Maturity [5]  1 year
Male Maturity [5]  1 year
Clutch Size [6]  5
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  5,700,000
Incubation [5]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  9 years
Migration [7]  Migratory

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (140)

Important Bird Areas

Prey / Diet

Zea mays (corn)[8]

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Clench, MH and RC Leberman. 1978. Weights of 151 species of Pennsylvania birds analyzed by month, age and sex. Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History No. 5. Pittsburgh, PA
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License