Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Icteridae > Quiscalus > Quiscalus quiscula
 

Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) is a large icterid which is found in large numbers through much of North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Quiscalus quiscula

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.50654
EDGE Score: 1.50553

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  106 grams
Birth Weight [3]  6 grams
Female Weight [1]  92 grams
Male Weight [1]  120 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  30.4 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Southeastern U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore
Diet - Endothermic [4]  10 %
Diet - Fish [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  10 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  70 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  69,000,000
Incubation [3]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  23 years
Migration [6]  Migratory
Wing Span [7]  16 inches (.414 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (174)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Central Park Zoo
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Queens Zoo

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

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Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Peer, BD, and EK Bollinger. 1997. Common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula). The Birds of North America, ed. A. Poole and F. Gill. No. 271. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia; and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
7DETERMINATION OF BODY DENSITY FOR TWELVE BIRD SPECIES, DAVID M. HAMERSHOCK, THOMAS W. SEAMANS, GLEN E. BERNHARDT, WRIGHT LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH (1993)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
10Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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