Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Spinus > Spinus tristis
 

Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)

Synonyms: Carduelis tristis
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The American goldfinch (Spinus tristis), also known as the eastern goldfinch or "lightning bird," is a small North American bird in the finch family. It is migratory, ranging from mid-Alberta to North Carolina during the breeding season, and from just south of the Canada–United States border to Mexico during the winter. Human activity has generally benefited the American goldfinch. It is often found in residential areas, attracted to bird feeders which increase its survival rate in these areas. Deforestation also creates open meadow areas which are its preferred habitat.
View Wikipedia Record: Spinus tristis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.92523
EDGE Score: 1.59437

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  33 %
Forages - Understory [3]  33 %
Forages - Ground [3]  33 %
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  43,000,000
Incubation [1]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (264)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

Iowa
New Jersey
Washington

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[6]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[6]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[5]

Providers

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2