Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Emberizidae > Passerculus > Passerculus sandwichensis
 

Passerculus sandwichensis (Savannah Sparrow)

Synonyms: Ammodramus sandwichensis
Language: French; Spanish

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.55956
EDGE Score: 2.02281

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  20 grams
Birth Weight [3]  2 grams
Female Weight [1]  19 grams
Male Weight [1]  21 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  10.5 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate grasslands, Arctic tundra, Alpine tundra, Coastal saltmarshes, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Southern U.S./Mexico
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate grasslands, Coastal saltmarshes, Agricultural
Forages - Mid-High [4]  10 %
Forages - Understory [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  80 %
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [1]  14 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  170,000,000
Incubation [3]  12 days
Mating System [6]  Monogamy (mostly)
Maximum Longevity [3]  7 years
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Panicum amarum (bitter panicgrass)[7]
Polyphylla pubescens[7]
Schizachyrium maritimum (gulf bluestem)[7]
Uniola paniculata (seaoats)[7]

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[7]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[8]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[7]
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus diffinis[9]
Ceratophyllus garei[9]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae perpinnatus[9]
Dasypsyllus stejnegeri[9]

Range Map

Distribution

Caribbean; Middle America; North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

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Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Raptor Predation on Wintering Shorebirds, G. Page and D. F. Whitacre, The Condor, Vol. 77, No. 1 (Spring, 1975), pp. 73-83
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2