Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Emberizidae > Zonotrichia > Zonotrichia leucophrys
 

Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) is a medium-sized sparrow native to North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Zonotrichia leucophrys

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
8
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.63126
EDGE Score: 1.28958

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  26 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic tundra, Boreal forests, Temperate western forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread U.S./Mexico
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  70 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  75,000,000
Incubation [1]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Migration [5]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (255)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[7]
Ceratophyllus garei[8]
Diplotriaena thomasi <Unverified Name>[9]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Coyote Point Museum

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
6Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8International Flea Database
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License