Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Serinus > Serinus canaria

Serinus canaria (Common Canary; Atlantic Canary; Island Canary)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria) is known worldwide simply as wild canary. It is also called the island canary, canary or common canary, is a small passerine bird belonging to the genus Serinus in the finch family, Fringillidae. It is native to the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira. Wild birds are mostly yellow-green, with brownish streaking on the back. The species is common in captivity and a number of colour varieties have been bred. This bird is the natural symbol of the Canary Islands, together with the Canary Island date palm.
View Wikipedia Record: Serinus canaria

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.05232
EDGE Score: 1.80044


Adult Weight [1]  24 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.5 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  70 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Incubation [4]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Montes y cumbre de Tenerife 168089 Spain  

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Prey / Diet

Plocama pendula (Balo)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)1
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)1
Sylvia conspicillata (Spectacled Warbler)1
Sylvia melanocephala (Sardinian Warbler)1


Pollinator of 
Echium wildpretii (tower of jewels)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Frugivory and factors influencing visitation by birds at "Balo" (Plocama pendula Ait., Rubiaceae) plants in the Canary Islands, Manuel Nogales, Alfredo Valido, Félix M. Medina, Juan D. Delgado, Ecoscience 6: 531-538 (1999)
7Dupont YL, Hansen DM and Olesen JM (2003) Structure of a plant-flower-visitor network in the high-altitude sub-alpine desert of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Ecography 26:301-310
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License