Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Estrildidae > Lonchura > Lonchura oryzivora
 

Lonchura oryzivora (Java Sparrow)

Synonyms: Padda oryzivora

Wikipedia Abstract

The Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora), also known as Java finch, Java rice sparrow or Java rice bird, is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced in a large number of other countries. Some taxonomists place this and the Timor sparrow in their own genus Padda.
View Wikipedia Record: Lonchura oryzivora

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
45
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.05129
EDGE Score: 3.18657

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  25 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.8 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  90 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [2]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  3
Incubation [1]  14 days

Ecoregions

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Lantana camara (lantana)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Francolinus pondicerianus (Grey Francolin)1
Ixos virescens (Sumatran bulbul)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)1
Zosterops chloris (Lemon-bellied White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Chandlerella chitwoodae <Unverified Name>[5]
Eufilaria mcintoshi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

Caribbean; Oceania;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License