Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Corvus > Corvus cryptoleucus
 

Corvus cryptoleucus (Chihuahuan Raven)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chihuahuan raven (Corvus cryptoleucus) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae that is native to the United States and Mexico. It was formerly known as the American white-necked raven, and has the proportions of a common raven with a heavy bill, but is about the same size as a carrion crow, or slightly larger than the American crow (44–51 cm (17–20 in) long). The plumage is all-black with a rich purple-blue gloss in good light. Like the forest raven, little raven, fan-tailed raven and Australian raven, it is one of the smaller raven species. The larger species of raven are the common raven, thick-billed raven, white-necked raven and brown-necked raven, with the common and thick-billed ravens being the world's largest raven species and the little and fan-tailed ravens being the smal
View Wikipedia Record: Corvus cryptoleucus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
13
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.74114
EDGE Score: 1.31939

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.177 lbs (534 g)
Birth Weight [3]  14 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Desert scrub, Chihuahuan grasslands, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Desert scrub, Chihuahuan grasslands, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [4]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [4]  20 %
Diet - Fish [4]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  30 %
Diet - Scavenger [4]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Understory [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  90 %
Clutch Size [5]  6
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  630,000
Incubation [3]  21 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  13 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Opuntia robusta (Wheel Cactus)[6]
Opuntia streptacantha[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hymenolepis corvi <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Albuquerque Biological Park
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Pueblo Zoo

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Baumel JJ. 1953. Individual variation in the White-necked Raven. Condor. 55:26–32.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals, Mario González-Espinosa and Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Frugivores and Seed Dispersal (eds A. Estrada & T. H. Fleming.), pp. 273–284. Dr W. Junk, Publishers, Dordrecht.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License