Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Coloeus > Coloeus monedula
 

Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw; Eurasian Jackdaw; Eurasian Crow)

Synonyms: Corvus monedula
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The western jackdaw (Corvus monedula), also known as the Eurasian jackdaw, European jackdaw, or simply jackdaw, is a passerine bird in the crow family. Found across Europe, western Asia and North Africa, it is mostly resident, although northern and eastern populations migrate south in winter. Four subspecies are recognised, which mainly differ in the colouration of the plumage on the head and nape. Linnaeus first described it formally, giving it the name Corvus monedula. Later analysis of its DNA suggests that it, along with its closest relative, the Daurian jackdaw, is an early offshoot from the genus Corvus, and possibly distinct enough to warrant reclassification in a separate genus, Coloeus. The common name derives from the word "jack", meaning "small", and "daw", the native English na
View Wikipedia Record: Coloeus monedula

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.19395
EDGE Score: 1.64749

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  246 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  20 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years
Speed [5]  27.962 MPH (12.5 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  26 inches (.65 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (169)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akarnanika mountains Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Furlo gorge and Mount Catria Italy B3, C6
Thessaly plain Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Ficus carica (piku)[6]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[7]
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)[7]
Stenurella melanura[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[8]
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)[9]
Hieraaetus pennatus (Booted Eagle)[10]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3British Trust for Ornithology
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Ecology of Commanster
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Watson, M., & Clarke, R. (2000). Saker falcon diet. Br. Birds, 93, 136-143.
10FOOD OF THE BOOTED EAGLE (HIERAAETUS PENNATUS) IN CENTRAL SPAIN, José P. Veiga, RAPTOR RESEARCH VOL. 20 (3/4): 120-123
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License