Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Turdidae > Catharus > Catharus ustulatus
 

Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush; Russet-backed Thrush)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Swainson's thrush (Catharus ustulatus), also called olive-backed thrush, is a medium-sized thrush. It is a member of Catharus genus and is typical of it in terms of its subdued coloration and beautiful voice. Swainson's thrush was named after William Swainson, an English ornithologist. The genus name Catharus comes from the Ancient Greek katharos, "pure or clean" and refers to the plumage of the orange-billed nightingale-thrush C. aurantiirostris. The specific ustuatus is Latin for "burnt", from urere, "to burn".
View Wikipedia Record: Catharus ustulatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.15804
EDGE Score: 2.21463

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  28 grams
Birth Weight [1]  4 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Boreal forests, Temperate western forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Central and S. Am. Highlands
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical highland forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  60 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  110,000,000
Incubation [1]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (262)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[8]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[11]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[11]
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)[11]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[8]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Tennessee Aquarium

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

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Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
6Food niche overlap among neotropical frugivorous bats in Costa Rica, Jorge E. Lopez & Christopher Vaughan, Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol. ISSN-0034-7744) Vol. 55 (1): 301-313, March 2007
7Tropical Fruit-Eating Birds and Their Food Plants: A Survey of a Costa Rican Lower Montane Forest, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, William A. Haber, K. Greg Murray, Carlos Guindon, Biotropica Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1984), pp. 173-192
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Frugivory and Seed Dispersal in Cymbopetalum baillonii (Annonaceae) at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico, Rosamond Coates-Estrada and Alejandro Estrada, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 4, No. 2 (May, 1988), pp. 157-172
10"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
11Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
12Interspecific synchrony and asynchrony in the fruiting phenologies of congeneric bird-dispersed plants in Panama, Poulin, Brigitte, S. Joseph Wright, Gaetan Lefebvre, and Osvaldo Calderon, Journal of Tropical Ecology 15: 213-227, 1999
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
14International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2