Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Turdidae > Sialia > Sialia sialis
 

Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) is a small bird found in open woodlands, farmlands, and orchards. It is the state bird of Missouri and New York. This species measures 16–21 cm (6.3–8.3 in) long, spans 25–32 cm (9.8–12.6 in) across the wings, and weighs 27–34 g (0.95–1.20 oz). Eastern bluebirds are found east of the Rockies, southern Canada to the Gulf states, and southeastern Arizona to Nicaragua. The increase in trees throughout the Great Plains during the past century due to fire suppression and tree planting facilitated the western range expansion of the eastern bluebird as well as range expansions of many other species of birds.
View Wikipedia Record: Sialia sialis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.91101
EDGE Score: 2.38977

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  31 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Mexican pine-oak forests, Pine-oak forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Southeastern U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 6 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 21 days
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  24,000,000
Incubation [1]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [5]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (146)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

Missouri
New York

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Providers

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus diffinis[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[9]
Ceratophyllus idius[9]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Sorex cinereus, John O. Whitaker, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 743, pp. 1–9 (2004)
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2