Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Turdidae > Myadestes > Myadestes palmeri

Myadestes palmeri (Puaiohi; Small Kauai Thrush)

Synonyms: Phaeornis palmeri

Wikipedia Abstract

The puaiohi or small Kauaʻi thrush (Myadestes palmeri) is a rare species of songbird in the thrush family, Turdidae, that is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi. It is closely related to the other four endemic Hawaiian thrushes, the kāmaʻo, olomaʻo, ʻōmaʻo, and ʻāmaui. It was first collected by Henry Palmer in 1891 at Halemanu around the entrance to the Kōkeʻe State Park.
View Wikipedia Record: Myadestes palmeri

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Myadestes palmeri

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.9196
EDGE Score: 4.70695


Adult Weight [1]  40 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [3]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  11 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alakai State Natural Reserve   Hawaii, United States    

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Alakai Plateau United States  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States Yes

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Branta sandvicensis (Nene)1
Myadestes obscurus (Omao)2
Psittirostra psittacea (Ou)2



External References


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Snetsinger, TJ, KM Wakelee, and SG Fancy. 1999. Puaiohi (Myadestes palmeri). In The Birds of North America, no. 461 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Birds of North America, Philadelphia
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2