Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Mus > Mus musculus

Mus musculus (house mouse)

Language: French


Invasive Species

The house mouse (Mus musculus) probably has a world distribution more extensive than any mammal, apart from humans. Its geographic spread has been facilitated by its commensal relationship with humans which extends back at least 8,000 years. They cause considerable damage to human activities by destroying crops and consuming and/or contaminating food supplies intended for human consumption. They are prolific breeders, sometimes erupting and reaching plague proportions. They have also been implicated in the extinction of indigenous species in ecosystems they have invaded and colonised. An important factor in the success of M. musculus is its behavioural plasticity brought about by the decoupling of genetics and behaviour. This enables M. musculus to adapt quickly and to survive and prosper in new environments.
View ISSG Record: Mus musculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.79
EDGE Score: 1.33


Adult Weight [1]  21 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  42 days
Male Maturity [1]  42 days
Gestation [1]  19 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  8.008 MPH (3.58 m/s)
Weaning [1]  22 days


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (282)




Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Seasonal diet of the Grey Heron Ardea cinerea on an oceanic island (Tenerife, Canary Islands): indirect interaction with wild seed plants, Airam RODRÍGUEZ, Beneharo RODRÍGUEZ, Beatriz RUMEU & Manuel NOGALES, ACTA ORNITHOLOGICA Vol. 42 (2007) No. 1
7MA, Maqbool, M. & Mushtaq-ul-Hassan, M. (1990) Food habits of spotted owlet Athene brama Pak. J. Agri. Sci., 27, 127-131
8Ecological Ramifications of Prey Size: Food Habits and Reproductive Biology of Australian Copperhead Snakes (Austrelaps, Elaidae), Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 21-28, 1987
9Body sizes, activity times, food habits and reproduction of brown tree snakes (Boiga irregularis) (Serpentes : Colubridae) from tropical north Queensland, Australia, D. F. Trembath and S. Fearn, Australian Journal of Zoology, 2008, 56, 173–178
10Diet Composition of the Pharaoh Eagle Owl, Bubo ascalaphus, in Azraq Nature Reserve, Jordan, Adwan H. SHEHAB, Michal CIACH, Turk J Zool 32 (2008) 65-69
11Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
129.1 Dingo, Canis lupus dingo, L.K. Corbett, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
14Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002
15Porocephalus crotali (Pentastomida) Parasitizing the Yucatan Neotropical Rattlesnake (Crotalus tzabcan) in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, David González-Solís and Sergio A. Terán-Juárez, The Southwestern Naturalist 58(2):251-253. 2013
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
17del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
18THE PARASITIC FAUNA AND THE FOOD HABITS OF THE WILD JUNGLE CAT FELIS CHAUS FURAX DE WINTON, 1898 IN IRAQ, Mohammad K. Mohammad, Bull. Iraq nat. Hist. Mus. (2008) 10(2): 65-78
19Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Diet of the Endemic Lizard Gallotia galloti in an Insular Mediterranean Scrubland, Airam Rodríguez, Manuel Nogales, Beatriz Rumeu, and Beneharo Rodríguez, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 213–222, 2008
20The Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Natural History, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, W. Scott Richardson, Glenn A. Proudfoot, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-43. 2000
21Ecological characteristics of a threatened snake species, Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Serpentes, Elapidae), Jonathan K. Webb and Richard Shine, Animal Conservation (1998) 1, 185–193
22Small-scale spatial variability in the diet of pampas foxes (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) and human-induced changes in prey base, Ariel A. Farias, Marcelo J. Kittlein, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 543–550
23Dietary habits of a large, long-lived endangered Australian percichthyid, the eastern freshwater cod Maccullochella ikei, Gavin L. Butler, Ian J. Wooden, Endang Species Res 16: 199–209, 2012
24Macroderma gigas, Wendy Starr Hudson and Don E. Wilson, Mammalian Species No. 260, pp. 1-4 (1986)
25Feeding Habits of the Diamond Python, Morelia s. spilota: Ambush Predation by a Boid Snake, David J. Slip and Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 323-330, 1988
26The diet of moreporks (Ninox novaeseelandiae) in relation to prey availability, and their roost site characteristics and breeding success on Ponui Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand., Kirsty Marie Denny, A thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Ecology at Massey University, Albany New Zealand. (2009)
27Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990)
28Ecology of Highly Venomous Snakes: the Australian Genus Oxyuranus (Elapidae), RICHARD SHINE AND JEANETTE COVACEVICH, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 60-69, 1983
29Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183
30Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982)
32Food Habits and Reproductive Biology of Small Australian Snakes of the Genera Unechis and Suta (Elapidae), RICHARD SHINE, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 307-315, 1988
33Thomomys townsendii, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 719, pp. 1–6 (2003)
34Vormela peregusna, Wanda A. Gorsuch and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 779, pp. 1-5 (2005)
35International Flea Database
36Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility