Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Delphinidae > Orcinus > Orcinus orca
 

Orcinus orca (Killer Whale; orca)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

The killer whale or orca (Orcinus orca) is a toothed whale belonging to the oceanic dolphin family, of which it is the largest member. Killer whales are found in all oceans, from Arctic and Antarctic regions to tropical seas. Killer whales have a diverse diet, although individual populations often specialize in particular types of prey. Some feed exclusively on fish, while others hunt marine mammals such as seals and dolphins. They have been known to attack baleen whale calves, and even adult whales. Killer whales are apex predators, as there is no animal which preys on them.
View Wikipedia Record: Orcinus orca

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
-1
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.44

Attributes

Gestation [2]  1 year 2 months
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  0.2
Maximum Longevity [2]  90 years
Speed [4]  29.997 MPH (13.41 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal
Weaning [2]  1 year 3 months
Adult Weight [2]  4.395 tons (3,987.50 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  396.834 lbs (180.00 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  50 %
Diet - Fish [3]  25 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  25 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  10 years 4 months
Male Maturity [2]  13 years 6 months

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (22)Full list (117)

Predators

Homo sapiens (man)[5]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kamogawa Sea World

Range Map

Distribution

Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;

External References

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Who's Eating Who
7Arctocephalus townsendi, Rebecca L. Belcher and Thomas E. Lee, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 700, pp. 1–5 (2002)
8Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
9Delphinapterus leucas, Barbara E. Stewart and Robert E. A. Stewart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 336, pp. 1-8 (1989)
10The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review, M. La Mesa, J. T. Eastman, M. Vacchi, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 321–338
11CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
12Lontra felina, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 575, pp. 1-5 (1998)
13The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002
14Trophic Role of the Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, P. A. LIVINGSTON and K. M. BAILEY, Marine Fisheries Review 47(2), 1985, p. 16-22
15Neophocaena phocaenoides, Thomas A. Jefferson and Samuel K. Hung, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 746, pp. 1–12 (2004)
16Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
17Stenella attenuata, William F. Perrin, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 683, pp. 1–8 (2001)
18Stenella frontalis, William F. Perrin, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 702, pp. 1–6 (2002)
19Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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