Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Vulpes > Vulpes vulpes
 

Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)

Synonyms: Canis vulpes
Language: French

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

The European red fox is probably responsible for declines of some small canids and ground-nesting birds in North America, and numerous small- and medium-sized rodents and marsupials in Australia. A programme to reduce predation pressure on native fauna within the critical weight range of 35 g to 5.5 kg in Western Australia has involved the use of 1080 fox baits.
View ISSG Record: Vulpes vulpes

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.55
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.11 lbs (4.132 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  100 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  70 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Gestation [1]  52 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  32.01 MPH (14.31 m/s)
Weaning [1]  48 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (369)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Providers

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa; Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
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3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Ecology of Commanster
6Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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28Myrmecobius fasciatus (Dasyuromorphia: Myrmecobiidae), CHRISTINE ELIZABETH COOPER, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(881):129–140 (2011)
29SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR LONG-BILLED CURLEW (NUMENIUS AMERICANUS) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY and DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, Wyoming Natural Diversity Database 2000
30Oryzomys palustris, James L. Wolfe, Mammalian Species No. 176, pp. 1-5 (1982)
31Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003)
32Prunus mahaleb and Birds: The High-Efficiency Seed Dispersal System of a Temperate Fruiting Tree, Carlos M. Herrera and Pedro Jordano, Ecological Monographs Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jun., 1981), pp. 203-218
33Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994)
34Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), MUTLU KART Gür AND HAKAN Gür, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(864):183–194 (2010)
35Spermophilus elegans, David A. Zegers, Mammalian Species No. 214, pp. 1-7 (1984)
36Spermophilus richardsonii, Gail R. Michener and James W. Koeppl, Mammalian Species No. 243, pp. 1-8, (1985)
375.1 Arctic fox, Alopex lagopus, A. Angerbjörn, P. Hersteinsson and M. Tannerfeldt, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
38Olsen, J., Judge, D., Fuentes, E., Rose, AB and Debus, S. (2010). Diets of Wedge-tailed Eagles (Aquila audax) and Little Eagles (Hieraaetus morphnoides) breeding near Canberra, Australia Journal of Raptor Research 44: 50–61
39Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
40Assessing the diet of nestling Bearded Vultures: a comparison between direct observation methods, Antoni Margalida, Joan Bertran, and Jennifer Boudet, J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):40–45, 2005
41Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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43International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund