Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Vulpes > Vulpes macrotis
 

Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)

Synonyms: Vulpes macrotis macrotis; Vulpes macrotis mutica; Vulpes macrotis neomexicanus; Vulpes muticus; Vulpes velox mutica

Wikipedia Abstract

The kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) is a fox species of North America. Its range is primarily in the Southwestern United States and northern and central Mexico. Some mammalogists classify it as conspecific with the swift fox, V. velox, but molecular systematics imply that the two species are distinct.
View Wikipedia Record: Vulpes macrotis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.519 lbs (2.05 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  40 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [3]  52 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Weaning [3]  56 days

Ecoregions

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[12]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[3]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Moonridge Animal Park
 
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center

Range Map

Distribution

Middle America; North America;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
34.5 Kit fox, Vulpes macrotis, R. List and B.L. Cypher, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR MOUNTAIN PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MONTANUS) IN WYOMING, HAMILTON SMITH AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, November 2004
6Dipodomys deserti, Troy L. Best, Nancy J. Hildreth, and Clyde Jones, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 339, pp. 1-8 (1989)
7Dipodomys heermanni, Douglas A. Kelt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 323, pp. 1-7 (1988)
8Dipodomys ingens, Daniel F. Williams and Kerry S. Kilburn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 377, pp. 1-7 (1991)
9Dipodomys ordii, Tom E. Garrison and Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 353, pp. 1-10 (1990)
10Vulpes macrotis, John C. McGrew, Mammalian Species No. 123, pp. 1-6 (1979)
11Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978)
12Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License