Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Phocidae > Phoca > Phoca vitulina
 

Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)

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Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.11
EDGE Score: 1.96

Attributes

Gestation [2]  8 months 13 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  48 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Weaning [2]  30 days
Adult Weight [2]  253.533 lbs (115.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  24.251 lbs (11.00 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  4 years

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (131)

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Deropristis inflata[4]
Podocotyle atomon[4]
Profilicollis botulus[4]
Sacculina carcini[4]
Parasite of 
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[4]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Indo-West Pacific; North America; Southern Asia; Western Atlantic Ocean;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
6The harbour seal Phoca vitulina as a predator in the Skagerrak. Haerkoenen, T | Heide-Joergensen, M-P, Ophelia. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 191-207 1991
7CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
8Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
9Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska, Mei-Sun Yang and Benjamin N. Page, Fish. Bull. 97:406–409 (1999)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund