Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ovibos > Ovibos moschatus

Ovibos moschatus (muskox; oomingmak)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox, in Inuktitut ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak, is an Arctic mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted during the seasonal rut by males, from which its name derives. This musky odor is used to attract females during mating season. Muskoxen primarily live in the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, with small introduced populations in Sweden, Siberia, Norway, and Alaska.
View Wikipedia Record: Ovibos moschatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.57
EDGE Score: 1.52


Adult Weight [1]  575.002 lbs (260.815 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  25.265 lbs (11.46 kg)
Female Weight [1]  450.001 lbs (204.116 kg)
Male Weight [1]  700.002 lbs (317.514 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  55.6 %
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  90 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Gestation [2]  8 months 18 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  27 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Weaning [2]  7 months 3 days


Protected Areas


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Canis lupus (Wolf)[6]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[1]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Ovibos moschatus, Peter C. Lent, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 302, pp. 1-9 (1988)
6Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License