Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ammotragus > Ammotragus lervia

Ammotragus lervia (aoudad; Barbary sheep)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa. Six subspecies have been described. Although it is rare in its native North Africa, it has been introduced to North America, southern Europe, and elsewhere. It is also known as aoudad, waddan, arui, and arruis.
View Wikipedia Record: Ammotragus lervia


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.09
EDGE Score: 3.96


Adult Weight [1]  203.929 lbs (92.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  9.921 lbs (4.50 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  11 months 5 days
Gestation [1]  4 months 29 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  5.084 feet (155 cm)
Weaning [1]  4 months 2 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Parc National de Djebel Bou-Hedma National Park II 41580 Tunisia  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Capillaria bovis[5]
Ostertagia bisonis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Ammotragus lervia, Gary G. Gray and C. David Simpson, Mammalian Species No. 144, pp. 1-7 (1980)
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License